United States
Marine Corps
Marines.mil :: Official Home of the
United States Marine Corps - The
United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a
branch of the U.S. military responsible for
providing power projection from the sea,
utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to
rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces
to global crises. Alongside the U.S. Navy,
the Marine Corps operates under the
United States Department of the Navy.
United States Marine Corps
1775: Founding of the Marine Corps
A legacy is born
During the American Revolution, many
important political discussions took place
in the inns and taverns of Philadelphia,
including the founding of the Marine

A committee of the Continental Congress
met at Tun Tavern to draft a resolution
calling for two battalions of Marines able
to fight for independence at sea and on

The resolution was approved on
November 10, 1775, officially forming the
Continental Marines.

As the first order of business, Samuel
Nicholas became Commandant of the
newly formed Marines. Tun Tavern’s
owner and popular patriot, Robert Mullan,
became his first captain and recruiter.
They began gathering support and were
ready for action by early 1776.  

Each year, the Marine Corps marks
November 10th with a celebration of the
brave spirit which compelled these men
and thousands since to defend our
country as United States Marines.
The Official Web site of the U. S.
Marine Corps Reserve

Marine Forces Reserve must be READY,

MARFORRES is comprised of two groups
of Marines and Sailors – those who are
not currently on active duty, and those
who are. The former represent the core
of our warfighting strength; the latter are
the critical enablers who ensure we are
always combat ready. Both groups are
essential. Neither group could succeed
without the other. We are all members of
“the first team.” We must all meet “first
team” standards.

The mission of Marine Forces Reserve
(MARFORRES) is to augment and
reinforce active Marine forces in time of
war, national emergency or contingency
operations, provide personnel and
operational tempo relief for the active
forces in peacetime, and provide service
to the community.

Equipped and trained to the same
rigorous standards as our active Marine
forces, to include joint operations, Marine
Forces Reserve will be trained and
educated to the highest levels, and
provide rapid response when called upon.
As versatile Continental Marines, Marine
Forces Reserve will be ever-ready to
alleviate the intense personnel and
operational tempo of active forces in
The GITMO Paradigm
by Barry M. Baker
You might be wondering what the debate
over Gitmo, the terrorist detention center
at the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base, has
to do with your career as a police
officer?  Gitmo is one of those rare
instances where government created and
implemented an efficient way of doing
things. When it comes to issues of public
safety, government only responds
efficiently when those issues are
perceived as urgent and important.  The
terrorist attacks on 9/11 certainly met
that criteria, and a lot of ideas were
rapidly implemented.  The success or
failure of all the other ideas is
overshadowed by the brilliance and
success of the Gitmo Paradigm.

Constitutional issues are most often cited
as the reasons for the elimination of
Gitmo.  There are a lot of people who
think they’re really smart for realizing
that the primary reason for locating the
terrorist detention center at the naval
base in Cuba was to deny those who
want to destroy America all the
constitutional rights enjoyed by
Americans.  Aside from the fact that no
precedent exists to extend constitutional
rights to those detained at Gitmo, the
main reason for the location was to avoid
confusion created by those who are
creating the confusion anyway.
The main reason for the confusion exists
because of ideologies.  One believes that
no real war against terrorism exists.  The
more light thinking among us usually look
back to December 8, 1941 when
President Franklin D. Roosevelt uttered
these words, “I ask that the Congress
declare that since the unprovoked and
dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday,
December 7, 1941, a state of war has
existed between the United States and
the Japanese Empire.”  The argument
goes that since the United States
Congress has not “declared war” against
anyone, no “war” exists.  In regard to
the terrorist attack of 9/11, the
Congress passed legislation, S.J.Res. 23,
on September 14, 2001, authorizing the
President to “use all necessary and
appropriate force against those nations,
organizations, or persons he determines
planned, authorized, committed, or aided
the terrorist attacks that occurred on
September 11, 2001, or harbored such
organizations or persons....”  Now, it
could just be me, but I don’t see much
difference between the first and the
latter.  In fact, the authorization given to
the President for response to the attacks
of 9/11 could be viewed as more
expansive than the declaration of war
[authorization] of 1941.

This ideology also maintains that any
terrorist, no matter where that terrorist
is apprehended, be treated the same as
any criminal suspect apprehended inside
the United States.  Let’s do this.  Instead
of sending soldiers and marines to battle
terrorists, we could collect police SWAT
teams from across the country from New
York to Los Angeles and send them after
the terrorists.  After each firefight, those
terrorists captured could be given their
Miranda Warnings right there on the
battlefield.  Of course, it could be really
difficult to find lawyers and judges willing
to follow the SWAT teams to file and
hear the various legal motions.  That’s
right, the lawyers and judges could stay
at home and wait for the terrorists to be
shipped back to the United States and
placed in various federal detention
centers across the country.  The lawyers
and judges could handle the motions in
the comfort of well guarded courthouses
with running water.  But, there’s another
problem.  When you become a police
officer, you’ll soon learn how touchy
judges are about your prompt
appearance in court when summoned.  
You’ve just returned to your job policing
San Francisco when you receive a
summons to testify on a motion for an
arrest you made in Afghanistan.  The
only problem is that the terrorist you
arrested is having his motion heard in a
courtroom in Philadelphia.

Okay, I know it’s silly.  But, how silly is it
to apply constitutional rights to terror
suspects captured outside of the United
States?  A lot of people forget that the
United States Military has its own
constitutional justice mechanism.  Could
money, with its accompanied power and
influence, have anything to do with
treating foreign terrorists as Americans?  
After all, an army captain, who’s a lawyer
in JAG (Judge Advocate General),
defending a terror suspect, is paid the
same as a captain commanding a
company of infantry.

Put aside all the constitutional arguments
against GITMO and realize just one
thing.  Whether you’re involved in
fighting international terrorists, domestic
terrorists, or any other stripe of criminal,
success is often just as damaging to
your efforts as failure.  While failure
provides an easy reason to change
things, changing a successful policy just
requires a lot of creative obfuscation.   

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Copyright © 2016  Barry M. Baker