United States
Intelligence Agencies

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Copyright © 2021  Barry M. Baker  
The U.S. Intelligence
Community is composed of
the following 17

Two independent agencies—the Office
of the Director of National
Intelligence (ODNI) and the Central
Intelligence Agency (CIA);

Eight Department of Defense
—the Defense Intelligence
Agency (DIA), the National Security
Agency (NSA), the National Geospatial-
Intelligence Agency (NGA), the National
Reconnaissance Office (NRO), and
intelligence elements of the four DoD
services; the Army, Navy, Marine Corps,
and Air Force.

Seven elements of other departments
and agencies
—the Department of
Energy’s Office of Intelligence and
Counter-Intelligence; the Department of
Homeland Security’s Office of Intelligence
and Analysis and U.S. Coast Guard
Intelligence; the Department of Justice’s
Federal Bureau of Investigation and the
Drug Enforcement Agency’s Office of
National Security Intelligence; the
Department of State’s Bureau of
Intelligence and Research; and the
Department of the Treasury’s Office of
Intelligence and Analysis.
The U.S. Air Force Intelligence,
Surveillance, and Reconnaissance
(USAF ISR) Enterprise - is America's
leading provider of finished intelligence
derived from airborne, space, and
cyberspace sensors.  The USAF ISR
Enterprise delivers decision advantage in
order to enable commanders to achieve
kinetic and non-kinetic effects on targets
anywhere on the globe in support of
national, strategic, operational, and
tactical requirements.  The AF/A2 is the
USAF's Senior Intelligence Officer and is
responsible for functional management of
all Air Force global integrated ISR
capabilities, including oversight of
planning, programming, and budgeting;
developing and implementing the Air
Force policies and guidance for managing
Air Force global integrated ISR activities;
and professional development, training,
education, readiness, and deployment of
50,000 military and civilian United States
Air Force intelligence personnel. -
U.S. Army Intelligence (G-2) - is
responsible for policy formulation,
planning, programming, budgeting,
management, staff supervision,
evaluation, and oversight for intelligence
activities for the Department of the
Army. The G-2 is responsible for the
overall coordination of the five major
military intelligence (MI) disciplines within
the Army: Imagery Intelligence, Signals
Intelligence, Human Intelligence,
Measurement and Signature Intelligence,
and Counterintelligence and Security
Countermeasures. -
The Central Intelligence Agency
(CIA) - is responsible for providing
national security intelligence to senior U.
S. policymakers. The CIA director is
nominated by the president and
confirmed by the Senate. The director
manages the operations, personnel, and
budget of the CIA and acts as the
National Human Source Intelligence
manager. The CIA is separated into
seven basic components: Directorate of
Analysis, Directorate of Operations,
Directorate of Science and Technology,
Directorate of Support, Directorate of
Digital Innovation, Mission Centers, and
Offices of the Director.  They carry out
“the intelligence cycle,” the process of
collecting, analyzing, and disseminating
intelligence information to top U.S.
government officials. -
Coast Guard Intelligence - The Coast
Guard's broad responsibilities include
protecting citizens from the sea (maritime
safety), protecting America from threats
delivered by the sea (maritime security),
and protecting the sea itself (maritime
stewardship). The Coast Guard's
persistent presence in the maritime
domain, due to its diverse mission sets
and broad legal authorities, allows it to fill
a unique niche within the Intelligence
Community. Because of its unique
access, emphasis, and expertise in the
maritime domain Coast Guard Intelligence
can collect and report intelligence that
not only supports Coast Guard missions,
but also supports national objectives.
Coast Guard Intelligence strives to create
decision advantage to advance U.S.
interests by providing timely, actionable,
and relevant intelligence to shape Coast
Guard operations, planning, and
decision-making, and to support national
and homeland security intelligence
requirements. -
The Defense Intelligence Agency - is a
Department of Defense combat support
agency. With more than 16,500 military
and civilian employees worldwide, DIA is a
major producer and manager of foreign
military intelligence and provides military
intelligence to warfighters, defense
policymakers and force planners, in the
DOD and the Intelligence Community, in
support of U.S. military planning and
operations and weapon systems
acquisition. The DIA director serves as
principal adviser to the secretary of
defense and to the chairman of the Joint
Chiefs of Staff on matters of military
intelligence. The director also chairs the
Military Intelligence Board, which
coordinates activities of the defense
intelligence community. -
Department of Energy - The U.S.
Department of Energy's Office of
Intelligence and Counterintelligence is
responsible for the intelligence and
counterintelligence activities throughout
the DOE complex, including nearly 30
intelligence and counterintelligence offices
nationwide. The mission is to protect,
enable, and represent the vast scientific
brain trust resident in DOE's laboratories
and plants. The office protects vital
national security information and
technologies, representing intellectual
property of incalculable value, and
provides unmatched scientific and
technical expertise to the U.S.
government to respond to foreign
intelligence, terrorist and cyber threats,
to solve the hardest problems associated
with U.S. energy security, and to address
a wide range of other national security
issues. -
Department of Homeland Security -
The Office of Intelligence and Analysis is
responsible for using information and
intelligence from multiple sources to
identify and assess current and future
threats to the U.S. DHS Intelligence
focuses on four strategic areas: Promote
understanding of threats through
intelligence analysis; Collect information
and intelligence pertinent to homeland
security; Share information necessary for
action; and Manage intelligence for the
homeland security enterprise. The Under
Secretary for I&A also serves as DHS’
chief intelligence officer and is responsible
to both the secretary of Homeland
Security and the director of National
Intelligence. -
Department of State - The Bureau of
Intelligence and Research provides the
Secretary of State with timely, objective
analysis of global developments as well as
real-time insights from all-source
intelligence. It serves as the focal point
within the Department of State for all
policy issues and activities involving the
Intelligence Community. The INR
Assistant Secretary reports directly to
the Secretary of State and serves as the
Secretary's principal adviser on all
intelligence matters. INR's expert,
independent foreign affairs analysts draw
on all-source intelligence, diplomatic
reporting, INR's public opinion polling,
and interaction with U.S. and foreign
scholars. Their strong regional and
functional backgrounds allow them to
respond rapidly to changing policy
priorities and to provide early warning
and in-depth analysis of events and
trends that affect U.S. foreign policy and
national security interests. -
Department of the Treasury - The
Office of Intelligence and Analysis was
established by the Intelligence
Authorization Act for fiscal 2004. OIA is
responsible for the receipt, analysis,
collation, and dissemination of foreign
intelligence and foreign
counterintelligence information related to
the operation and responsibilities of the
Department of the Treasury. OIA is a
component of the U.S. Department of
the Treasury’s Office of Terrorism and
Financial Intelligence (TFI). TFI marshals
the Department’s intelligence and
enforcement functions with the twin aims
of safeguarding the financial system
against illicit use and combating rogue
nations, terrorist facilitators, weapons of
mass destruction proliferators, money
launderers, drug kingpins, and other
national security threats. -
The Drug Enforcement Administration
- is responsible for enforcing the
controlled substance laws and regulations
of the United States. DEA’s Office of
National Security Intelligence (ONSI)
became a member of the IC in 2006.
ONSI facilitates full and appropriate
intelligence coordination and information
sharing with other members of the U.S.
Intelligence Community and homeland
security elements. Its goal is to enhance
the U.S.’s efforts to reduce the supply of
drugs, protect national security, and
combat global terrorism. DEA has 21 field
divisions in the U.S. and more than 80
offices in more than 60 countries
worldwide. -
Federal Bureau of Investigation - The
FBI, as an intelligence and law
enforcement agency, is responsible for
understanding threats to our national
security and penetrating national and
transnational networks that have a desire
and capability to harm the U.S. The
Intelligence Branch is the strategic leader
of the FBI’s Intelligence Program and
drives collaboration to achieve the full
integration of intelligence and operations,
and it proactively engages with the
Bureau’s partners across the intelligence
and law enforcement communities. By
overseeing intelligence policy and
guidance, the Intelligence Branch ensures
the FBI’s intelligence production remains
objective and strikes the correct balance
between strategic and tactical work. -
Marine Corps Intelligence - The U.S.
Marine Corps produces tactical and
operational intelligence for battlefield
support. Its IC component is comprised
of all intelligence professionals in the
Marine Corps responsible for policy,
plans, programming, budgets, and staff
supervision of intelligence and supporting
activities within the USMC. The
department supports the commandant of
the Marine Corps in his role as a member
of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, represents
the service in Joint and Intelligence
Community matters, and exercises
supervision over the Marine Corps
Intelligence Activity. The department has
service staff responsibility for geospatial
intelligence, advanced geospatial
intelligence, signals intelligence, human
intelligence, counterintelligence, and
ensures there is a single synchronized
strategy for the development of the
Marine Corps Intelligence, Surveillance,
and Reconnaissance Enterprise. The
Marine Corps' director of intelligence is
the commandant's principal intelligence
staff officer and the functional manager
for intelligence, counterintelligence, and
cryptologic matters. -
The National Geospatial-Intelligence
Agency - provides timely, relevant, and
accurate geospatial intelligence in support
of national security objectives.
Information collected and processed by
NGA is tailored for customer-specific
solutions. By giving customers ready
access to geospatial intelligence, NGA
provides support to civilian and military
leaders and contributes to the state of
readiness of U.S. military forces. NGA
also contributes to humanitarian efforts
such as tracking floods and fires, and in
peacekeeping. NGA is a Department of
Defense Combat Support Agency.
Headquartered in Springfield, Va., NGA
operates major facilities in the St. Louis,
Mo. and Washington, D.C. areas. The
agency also fields support teams
worldwide. -
The National Reconnaissance Office -
designs, builds and operates the nation's
reconnaissance satellites. NRO products,
provided to an expanding list of
customers like the Central Intelligence
Agency and the Department of Defense,
can warn of potential trouble spots
around the world, help plan military
operations, and monitor the
environment. As part of the Intelligence
Community, the NRO plays a primary role
in achieving information superiority for
the U.S. Government and Armed Forces.
A DOD agency, the NRO is staffed by
DOD and CIA personnel. It is funded
through the National Reconnaissance
Program, part of the National Foreign
Intelligence Program. -
The National Security Agency/Central
Security Service - is the nation's
cryptologic organization that coordinates,
directs, and performs highly specialized
activities to protect U.S. information
systems and to produce foreign signals
intelligence information. A high-
technology organization, NSA is at the
forefront of communications and
information technology. NSA is also one
of the most important centers of foreign
language analysis and research within the
U.S. government and is said to be the
largest employer of mathematicians in the
United States and perhaps the world.
Founded in 1952, NSA is part of the
Department of Defense and a member of
the U.S. Intelligence Community. The
Agency supports military customers,
national policymakers, and the
counterterrorism and counterintelligence
communities, as well as key international
allies. Its workforce represents an
unusual combination of specialties:
analysts, engineers, physicists,
mathematicians, linguists, computer
scientists, researchers, as well as
customer relations specialists, security
officers, data flow experts, managers,
administrative officers and clerical
assistants. -
Navy Intelligence - Under the direction
of the Director of Naval Intelligence, the
U.S. Navy’s intelligence team is the
leading provider of maritime intelligence
to Navy and joint/combined warfighting
forces, as well as national decision
makers and other partners/consumers in
the U.S. National Intelligence Community.
Naval Intelligence is comprised of active
duty and reserve military, and civilian
personnel, serving at sea and ashore
around the world. -
Spy craft and intelligence gathering have
been around forever.  While George
Washington was expert in the use of
spies and the acquisition of intelligence,
one wonders if he could foresee the
extent to which his legacy would be
General George Washington
Colonel Elias Dayton, 26 July 1777
"The necessity of procuring good
Intelligence is apparent & need not
be further urged—All that remains for
me to add, is, that you keep the
whole matter as secret as possible.
For upon Secrecy, Success depends
in most Enterprizes of the kind, and
for want of it, they are generally
defeated, however well planned &
promising a favourable issue."
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Today's police officers are
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Recommended reading for
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Sergeant Godoy
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As a police officer, you'll
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While television police
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odds of you having to  use
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bad news is...you will be
faced with that decision.