"Frequently, the police will observe
somebody who needs to be checked
out. That is the purpose of a stop and
frisk, which has many different
names: a field interview, a field
inquiry, a threshold inquiry, or just
routine questioning. Terry v. Ohio
(1968), an 8-1 decision with only
Justice Douglas dissenting, gave
police the right to temporarily detain
somebody if there are specific
articulable facts leading a reasonable
police officer to believe a crime might
be occurring. This standard is known
as "reasonable suspicion," although
some people call it articulable
suspicion or more than mere
suspicion.  It is not necessary for the
officer to articulate or identify a
specific crime they think is being
committed, only that a set of factual
circumstances exist that would lead a
reasonable officer to believe that
criminal activity is occurring. Note
that arrest, search, and seizure
require probable cause, or what a
"reasonable person" would believe.
Stop and frisk, by contrast, requires
what a "reasonable officer" would
believe. Reasonable suspicion is one
step below probable cause and one
step above a hunch..."

"I've never understood how some
police officers get stuck on stupid
when it comes to articulating
reasonable suspicion."
~ Barry M. Baker
Police officers have the same problem
with reasonable suspicion as they have
with probable cause...they often fail to
articulate the circumstances which lead to
the reasonable suspicion.  Your
reasonable suspicion will often lead to
probable cause and the arrest of an
individual(s).  However, if you fail to
establish that you had reasonable
suspicion to conduct the stop which
leads to the ultimate arrest, the fruits of
your original suspicion will be lost.  Like
probable cause, reasonable suspicion is
not a difficult concept to comprehend.  
I've never understood how some police
officers get stuck on stupid when it
comes to articulating reasonable
suspicion.  Read and comprehend the
information at the link I've provided
below, and you'll never have that problem.

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Reasonable Suspicion
Stop and Frisk
Becoming a Police Officer
An Insider's Guide to a Career
in Law Enforcement
Copyright © 2021  Barry M. Baker  
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